Friday, October 24, 2008

Judge The Barbarians: Taliban or US??

Story of two Women

Thursday, October 23, 2008

Did man ever reach moon??? know the truth


plz click this text to read

Sunday, October 19, 2008

Importance of being Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

by Badruddin khan

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, the greatest Muslim reformer and statesman of the 19th Century, was born in Delhi on October 17, 1817. His family, though progressive, was highly regarded by the dying Mughal dynasty and had close contacts with the Mughal court on both the maternal and the paternal sides. While his maternal grandfather, Khwajah Farid was a Wazir in the court of Akbar Shah II, his paternal grandfather, Syed Hadi, held a mansab and the title of Jawwad Ali Khan in the court of Alamgir II. Moreover his father, Mir Muttaqi, who received an allowance from the Mughal administration, had been close to Akbar Shah since the days of his prince-hood and his maternal grand father had twice served as prime minister of the Mughal emperor of his time and had also held positions of trust under the East India Company. Syed’s brother, Syed Muhammad, established one of the first printing presses at Delhi and started one of the earlier newspapers in Urdu, the principal language of the then Muslims of northern India.

Though the early years of Sir Syed's life were spent in the atmosphere of the family of a Mughal noble, there was nothing in young Syed's habits or behavior to indicate that he belonged to a highly connected family and was different from other local boys of the time, although he was distinguished on account of his extraordinary physique. As a boy he learnt swimming and archery, which were favorite sports of the well-to-do class in those days. Syed Ahmad's mother, Aziz-un-Nisa, took a great interest in the education and upbringing of her son. As admitted by Sir Syed himself, his mother imposed a rigid discipline and kept strict supervision on him which counted for much in the formation of his character. Sir Syed received his education under the prevalent traditional system. He learnt to read the Quran under a female teacher at his home. After this, he was put in the charge of Maulvi Hamid-ud-Din, the first of his male private tutors. Having completed a course in Persian and Arabic, he took to the study of mathematics, which was a favorite subject of the maternal side of his family. He later became interested in medicine and studied some well-known books on the subject. However, he soon gave it up without completing the full course.
The death of Syed’s father left the family in financial difficulties, and after a limited education Syed had no option but to work for livelihood of his family. Thus at the age of 18 or 19 his formal education came to an end but he continued his studies privately and started taking a keen interest in the literary gatherings and cultural activities of the city. The young Syed started looking for a career at the early age of 21 and decided to enter the service of the East India Company. Starting as Sarishtedar in a court of law, he became Naib Munshi in 1839 and Munshi in 1841. In 1858 he was promoted and appointed as Sadar-us-Sadur at Muradabad and in 1867 he was promoted and posted as the judge of the Small Causes Court.

Syed Ahmed had a versatile personality, and his position in the judicial department provided him ample time to be active in many fields. His career as an author (in Urdu) started at the age of 23 with religious tracts. In 1847 he brought out a noteworthy book, Asarussanadid ("Monuments of the Great"), on the antiquities of Delhi. Even more important was his pamphlet "The Causes of the Indian Revolt" in which he had explained the weakness and errors of the British administration that had led to dissatisfaction among masses and countrywide mutiny. However, during the Indian Mutiny of 1857 he had not only taken the side of the British government but also had saved lives of his immediate British officers. Widely read by British officials, the said pamphlet imparted considerable influence on British Policy. His interest in religion was also active and lifelong. He began a sympathetic interpretation of the Bible, wrote Essay on the Life of Muhammad (PBUH) (translated into English by his son), and founded time to write several volumes of a modernist commentary on the Quran. In these works he sought to harmonize the Islamic faith with scientific and politically progressive ideas of his time.
Sir Syed's greatest achievement was his Aligarh Movement, which was primarily an educational venture. At Muradabad, he established Gulshan School in 1859 and at Ghazipur he founded Victoria School in 1863 and a scientific society in 1864. When Sir Syed was posted at Aligarh in 1867, he started the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental School in the city. Sir Syed got the opportunity to visit England in 1869-70. During his stay, he studied the British educational system and appreciated it. On his return to home he started establishing M. A. O. High School on the pattern of British boarding schools. The School later became a college in 1875. The status of University was given to the college after the death of Sir Syed in 1920. His institution played a big role in the awareness of the Muslims of South Asia first in the form of M. A. O. High School, then the College and ultimately as the Muslim University.

Unlike other Muslim leaders of his time, Sir Syed was of the view that Muslims should have friendship with the British government if they want to take their due rights. To achieve this he did a lot at his ends. At on hand he tried his level best to convince the Britishers that Muslims were not against them and on the other hand, he tried to convince his community that they could not achieve their goals unless they acquired friendly approach towards the British government. Moreover Sir Syed advised the Muslims of his time not to participate in politics unless and until they equip them with the dire need of the time, the modern education. He was of the firm opinion that Muslims could not succeed in any field without knowing the details of the field. When he was invited to attend the first session of the Indian National Congress and to join the organization, he declined the offer not for any other intention or reason except the fact that he wanted to keep himself spared only for the cause that was dearest to him and a must for his brethren. He also asked the Muslims to keep themselves away from the Congress and its political efforts arguing that, in a country where communal divisions were more important than any thing else and education and political organizations were confined to a few classes, parliamentary democracy would serve no fruitful purpose except working only inequitably. While many Muslims followed his advice and abstained from politics, several prominent Muslim personalities and groups could not control their burning desires to sacrifice even their lives for the cause of their nation and preferred to play leading and decisive role in the freedom movement. In order to provide Muslims with a platform on which they could discuss their political problems, Sir Syed established the Muhammadan Educational Conference. Unfortunately, the impulses and intentions of Sir Syed have been misunderstood and ill-taken by some bigots.

After having worked continuously and endlessly for decades Sir Syed started feeling departing signals from his health and body. In the beginning of 1898 he started keeping abnormally quiet and would not utter a word for hours together even to his friends who loved to visit him. So much so all medical aid proved to be ineffective. His condition became critical on 24th of March and on the morning of March 27; a severe headache further worsened it. This great scholar and leader died the same evening at Aligarh, in the house of his friend and well-wisher, Haji Ismail Khan, who had got him shifted to his place only some days earlier. He was buried the following afternoon in the compound of the Mosque of the then M.A.O. College and now the largest residential hall of the Muslim University, the Sir Syed Hall. Whereas He was mourned by a large number of friends and admirers both within and his community, the workers with whom he loved to remain entangled throughout the day even in scorching sun and his intimate associates with whom he had nothing to share except his feelings and valuable efforts for the cause of the community and nation in general and those of the suffering individuals who had become poor and made their offspring hungry due to their ignorance and arrogance under false claims of superiority and aristocracy.

May Allah Subhanahu-Wa-Ta-ala bless the departed soul with His the best blessings and place him in Jannat-al-Firdous.( Ameen Ya Rabbal-Alameen)

Thursday, October 16, 2008

Hamari Duaa' kyon qabul nahin hoti

plz click urdu script to read clear

Thursday, October 9, 2008

'How many terror masterminds are there?'

Interview / Syed Abdul Rehman Geelani

Terrorism in India has become almost routine. While the government, Intelligence Bureau and security agencies grope in the dark, the Opposition is on the offensive, accusing the government of completing failing in its duty to check terrorism. 
While this is one part of the story, academics feel the only way to control the menace of terror is by ensuring social justice. Also, incidents such as the Jamia Nagar shootout, which has been questioned by several fact-finding committees, will only contribute to the frustration and anger of the youth, academics feel.

Syed Abdul Rehman Geelani, an academic who was acquitted by the Supreme Court in connection with the Parliament attack case, has seen it all. He spent 20 months in jail and was a victim of the draconian POTA before the Supreme Court stepped in. Geelani spoke at length with Special Correspondent Vicky Nanjappa, sharing his views on the present scenario and what is the need of the hour if terror has to be rooted out. 

The National Human Rights Commission has served a notice to the Delhi police about the Jamia Nagar encounter. The fact-finding mission too has found many holes in the police's claim. In light of this, do you plan to seek judicial intervention in the matter?
We have demanded a judicial inquiry into the matter. However, let us first see what the Delhi police have to say in reply to the notice issued to them by the NHRC.
The police have drawn a link between the Indian Mujahideen and the Lashkar e Tayiba, which operates mainly in Jammu and Kashmir. Do you think the Kashmir insurgency is a breeding ground for terrorism in other parts of the country?
Well, for starters, one does not know what exactly this Indian Mujahideen is.
The Lashkar-e-Tayiba says it has nothing to do with the Indian Mujahideen. It is just the police which seems to be going on and on about this new outfit. Sometimes I wonder if it is a creation. No one is sure who is doing what. The police ought to come clean on all the allegations that they are making before any of us can jump to any conclusion.
What I fail to understand is before an act of terror the police has absolutely no clue, but immediately after a strike they seem to have all the details and they even claim to have nabbed the culprits. I would like to ask as to how many masterminds are there. It just raises doubts in one's mind.
What is your own take?about the Students Islamic Movement of India?
Prior to its ban SIMI was an unknown organisation. I have gone though all the papers regarding the case against SIMI and I should say there is no evidence against it. Moreover, in the affidavit filed by SIMI, they clearly state that they are not against the country. 
I have also heard the arguments in this regard. Let us not confuse ourselves here. One has to be loyal to the State and not being loyal to the governance is not an offence. What is the harm in questioning the governance? Every political party says the system has to be changed and SIMI too had raised the same point. SIMI had just said the Khilafat rule is the right rule. Even Mahatma Gandhi had said the same thing. In my view SIMI has every right to be entitled to its view and also propagate it.
As an academic, how do you think the threat of terrorism can be stemmed? Do you have a solution for this menace?
We need peace, and peace comes with social justice. When there is no peace and so much unrest, how can you expect peace? Social and economic issues and their imbalances have to be dealt with and sorted out. Only then in my view there will be peace in this country.
Are stronger laws the answer to the problem? 
I feel that stronger laws will only add to the problem. We had laws such as TADA and POTA. What happened? They were misused. As I said earlier, social and economic problems have to be sorted out first. Take the Naxal issue, for instance. Various reports suggest that this is not a law and order problem. These were directly related to social and economic issues.
Moreover, the manner in which cases are investigated too have to be given a second look. The manner in which blasts are taking place and the investigation is being conducted, only makes me think that there is something fishy.
Between the United Progressive Alliance and the National Democratic Alliance, which is more effective in terms of dealing with terrorism?
Well, both have failed in handling this problem. It is not about changing prime ministers and their respective governments. Replacing L K Advani with Dr Manmohan Singh is not the solution. Policies have to change. When I look at the functioning of both the NDA and the UPA, I have realised that in respect of both these governments, the policies have not changed. 
Look at the manner in which the IB is functioning under both governments. I have faced the IB. I only have to say that the IB is communal and criminal.
In fact, they are extremely dangerous and they are damaging the social framework of this country. Governments ought to look into such issues also.
You have dealt with a lot of cases in Hyderabad and other parts of the country, including the Jamia Nagar shootout. What change do you see among the Muslim youth? Do they feel agitated, and do they think they are being wronged?
I have been to various parts of the country looking into such issues. I have very closely seen the manner in which the police are functioning. 
As I said earlier, they don't have a clue before the blasts and immediately after it, they seem to have the entire case worked out. They have rounded up so many youth and they don't seem to have evidence too.
Yes, the youth are angry. If they continue to be prosecuted with no proof, there is every chance of them going astray and even retaliating. The issue has to be dealt with carefully and it is the duty of Muslim leaders and the youth to think collectively and fight collectively too. 
The message that I want to send out to the youth is to fight out problems collectively with Muslim leaders. Never take the fight individually, as this trend could prove dangerous.
I was told by a youth in Hyderabad that he was unable to bear the police torture and hence thought it best to own up to a crime that he had not committed. What do you have to say about this?
I completely understand what this youth was telling you. Human endurance has a level. Youth are picked up and subject to some unbearable torture. What do you expect these youth to do? There is a limit to how much the human body can take. 
Let us see if some of the lawmakers are able to bear such torture. In fact, I was once told that if some leaders were picked up and subject to similar torture, the police would get clues about a lot of incidents, including as to why Mahatma Gandhi was murdered.
Several Muslim clerics have come out in the open and condemned terror activities in the country. However, the tag against the community continues to persist. Is the community doing enough to battle perceptions?

The basic approach itself is wrong. Muslim leaders should not come out and protest against terror only with a view of saving the reputation of the community. Terror should be condemned in the right perspective. 
Terror as a whole should be condemned and this is not something that is community-oriented. Muslim leaders should do more and send out a signal that they are completely against terror. They should not be on the defensive, but should act more effectively. 
I must also add that the Bharatiya Janata Party's approach, that 'not all Muslims are terrorists but all terrorists are Muslims', is wrong. Terrorism is not restricted to just one community.
Lastly sir, what are your thoughts on the comments made by Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari that thosefighting for a separate Kashmir are terrorists?
Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were called terrorists by the British. But were the British right? No, they were not. These people were freedom-fighters. 
The statement made by Zardari was foolish. He is unaware of the situation since he has recently taken over and it seems to me that he was overwhelmed by the Americans and it was under that influence that he made such a statement. It is an unfortunate statement. 
The Kashmir movement does not need the endorsement Zardari, and neither does it require any certification from Pakistan.

courtesy  Rediff.com

Saturday, October 4, 2008

HAJ IN 1953

BY R Raja Ahmad

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